3G vs 4G vs 5G: comparing the latest technology to previous generations

5G, or the fifth generation of wireless technology, is being rolled out around the country by Verizon, AT&T, and other carriers. Many are wondering how it really compares to the current 4G standard, LTE, as well as older technology. 5G promises to be exponentially faster, and there are known limitations in the coverage it can provide vs 3G and 4G, but many potential users are not familiar with all of the differences between the generations.

Visual Capitalist has put together a guide illustrating the differences between the various wireless technologies, as well as the availability of 5G. Read more to see how 5G compares and where users can get coverage.

Stop screaming at your cable box, 5G is on the way

Consumers often see prices rise in areas where there’s only one provider, Yet many Americans continue to lack competitive home internet options. Verizon, T-Mobile, and Sprint have all the Hyped up home broadband as one of the many uses of 5G cellular network. The 5G seems to be offering a viable and speedy alternative to home internet solution.

Verizon first 5G network rollout focused on the home, while T-Mobile Ceo John Legere railed against “Big cable: while pitching regulators on his company’s $26.5 billion mergers with Sprint

Last October, Clayton Harris had Verizon technicians and executives, Including the CEO Hans Vestberg, descend on his home. The Houston based mechanical engineer was the first person in the country to get Verizon 5G home broadband network service, which the carrier touted as the first 5G network in the United States

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Verizon partners with Boingo to bring 5G to airports and other indoor spots

The biggest issue with 5G technology is the limitations of coverage, due to milimeter wave frequency’s lack of ability to penetrate buildings. Verizon has found a solution to that problem for airports, stadiums, hotels, office buildings, and other indoor public spaces by partnering with Boingo Wireless. Verizon announced today that they will leverage Boingo’s distributed antenna system and WiFi technologies to design networks that will bring 5G to indoor spaces.

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New device testing lab opens for T-Mobile

T-Mobile US is opening up the Launch Pad. This will be a facility that will test 5G devices as well as devices which enable License Assisted Access, narrowband IoT, LTE and 3G. It will be 20,000 square foot and will also house the carrier’s 5g Tech Experience showcase for 4g and 5g.

The Launch Pad will have more than a dozen testing areas, ranging from radio frequency signal testing to voice call/sound quality, video optimization and data throughput testing; “in-depth testing” of software, applications and services; and durability testing including drop-testing, water testing and sensitivity to heat.

The facility will have equipment to test devices across a range of frequencies, from low-band to mid-band.

They plan for this lab to bring device and network quality engineers together to innovate and refine technologies from end-to-end before delivering them to customers.

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In the race for 5G, European companies hope to profit from security doubts over Chinese giant Huawei

As the Trump administration puts pressure on the Chinses telecom giant Huawei to block its superiority in developing future 5G networks, the small European competitors are pitching themselves as more secure alternatives.

Nokia, the Finnish telecommunications company that once had a large share of the global cellphone market, now wants to compete in the 5G security. Nicklas Lindroos, who heads the health, security, safety, and environment for mobile networks at Nokia, said with an interview with Yahoo News.

Huawei has emerged in recent years from nowhere, supported by massive government subsidies, a network of research and development facilities, and a footprint in rural and developing areas around the world. Nokia and Ericsson of Sweden, once giant in the telecommunications field, began to lag behind in development and competitive pricing. However, as Washington has Huawei in its scope, the small European companies see an opportunity.

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Denver citizens protest as Verizon builds 5G towers

Verizon is continuing with their 5G development by deploying infrastructure in Denver, but some locals are not happy. Some have health concerns (although the FCC has recently confirmed again that 5G is safe), but others are concerned about the towers being an eyesore or other infrastructure-related issues.

A spokeswoman for Denver Public Works confirmed that Verizon and other carriers have built out 122 new poles, each about thirty feet tall, in the city to accommodate the 5G small cells. Other small cells have also been deployed on light poles and other existing towers. Many residents have mixed feelings about the development.

“I think everybody wants faster connection and Internet,” one local said. “I think people will really question the costs of it, whether that’s health costs, the aesthetic costs… . There are costs to things that aren’t always monetary.”

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5g cell towers can be installed in Florida front yards

Everyone is awaiting 5g to be available where they live, but do they want the actual antenna in their front yard? According to a new law, Florida doesn’t have a say. Local governments have almost no say in where the new antenna will be placed. The telecommunication companies are looking for the best sites to install the new antennas. The antennas are quite small, its a little larger then a mini refrigerator and they will be mounted on top of a utility pole. 5g uses a much higher frequency, which means it doesn’t travel as far. Signals are blocked by buildings and trees, which means they will need to mount more antennas then they normally do for the other technologies in the past.

Sadly, under a new Florida law signed by Gov. Ron DeSantis this year, cities can’t require telecommunication companies to notify residents or require much of anything from the companies.

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5G Could Usher in New Era of Mobile Cloud

In a survey carried out earlier 2019 by Heavy Reading, 57% of communications service providers (CSPs) said that entering new markets to spawn additional revenue is one of their top three encouragements for deploying 5G.

But what will CSPs offer that customers can’t already get elsewhere? There’s no point in deploying new 5G networks if CSPs offer only faster 4G-like services. Public cloud providers like AWS and Microsoft Azure already offer all the bandwidth, storage and compute needed for the most common enterprise applications. Competing on connectivity and bandwidth alone will not be enough.

The real opportunity to alter in 5G comes from CSPs’ ability to take control of the customer experience. Properly addressing a wide range of vertical industry customers requires a degree of understanding fo their specific needs. Depending on the use cases, services and applications they want to run, many verticals require highly assorted and deterministic guarantees on availability and throughout. All these add up to the very specific quality of experience (QoE) demands, on a per-customer basis

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Pentagon to request more money for 5G

Michael Griffin, undersecretary of defense for research and engineering, confirmed to reporters that his office is making 5G development a priority.

“We’re looking at 5G, which is a Department of Defense initiative that was given to R&E to supervise. We’re evermore convinced, given especially all the news centering around Huawei — who will and won’t buy their hardware, whether we will or won’t — [that] microelectronics [and] assured microelectronics is a key priority,” Griffin said.

The Pentagon sees 5G as an important technology for IoT and defense, and Griffin said that he expects new funds to be allocated to 5G in the fiscal 2021 budget. “You’ll see that we’ve requested significant money, we’re actually requesting extra money in [FY20] for that and in the [Future Years Defense Program]. When those budgets are released, you’ll see all that,” he said. “This is a major initiative for us.”

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Verizon 5G MiFi M1000 Hotspot Review

The Verizon M1000 Hotspot is a well-built brick that Measures 3.48 by 4.85 by 1.20inches thick and weighs 5.7 ounces. On the front of the hotspot, it has a larger 2.4-inch Color touch screen that allows you to manage your wifi networks and connected devices. Vents on the front face betray the presence of two actual fans inside. These are very quiet when running. The M1000 has a USB-C port for charging and connectivity on the front face, also included for the first time on a HotSpot a Full sized ethernet port on the rear.

The M1000 hotspot can only support 16 devices, that would be 1 hardwired and 15 on the Wifi. The unit is Dual-band wifi 802.11AC, with Primary and guest networks. You can filter or blacklist devices, use VPNs services, firewall filters, and port forward. The wifi claims to broadcast 200feet from the hotspot. The 5G hotspot is using a 4,400MAH battery that should last 16 to 20 hours.

The Mifi M1000 hotspot lets you tether to your laptop via USB-C or, excitingly, Ethernet. Using the Ethernet port is a trip: You have to plug the hotspot into a wall and toggle a special setting to turn Ethernet on. Inseego said we’d get better speeds with Ethernet than with any other connection, but we got around 300Mbps using USB-C, and around 300Mbps using Ethernet.

Downloading files from large cloud service providers could be even slower. From OneDrive, we got 250-300Mbps with multiple transfers on multiple devices. Google Drive and Dropbox were both in the 100-150Mbps range. Once again, that’s faster than my home internet connection. But somewhere, the device was losing most of its speed on the way to running actual applications.